中美貿易救濟簡報(2016.4.4)
2016-06-28 15:34:33   來源:   評論:0 點擊:

 中國貿促會經貿摩擦海外常年法律顧問(美國)
 
CCPIT U.S.-China Trade Remedies Briefing
中美貿易救濟簡報
 
2016年4月4日
 
美國奧斯頓律師事務所  北京市高朋律師事務所
 
 
 
簡報摘要:本期簡報包括四個部分。第一部分為反傾銷、反補貼調查和337調查的最新立案情況、最近案件進展情況和最近所出的裁決結果;第二部分為反傾銷和反補貼行政復審調查的2016年4月可以進行復審立案申請的案件、2016年4月立案的案件和最近所出的裁決結果;第三部分為反傾銷和反補貼日落復審調查的最新立案情況和最近所出的裁決結果;第四部分為最新的貿易救濟方面的新聞,主要內容是美國貿易代表辦公室及美國國內產業對中印兩國農業補貼的不滿以及要求美國政府采取救濟手段、越來越多的美國鋼鐵企業支持啟動201條款、美中經濟與安全審查委員會召開公開2016年度第四次公開聽證會及此次聽證會的主要議題。
 
 

 

Investigations

調查

 

New:

最新貿易救濟調查:

 
Anti-Circumvention Inquiry on Aluminum Extrusions: The Department of Commerce (DOC) is initiating an anti-circumvention inquiry to determine whether extruded aluminum products exported by China Zhongwang Holdings Ltd. and its affiliates (collectively, Zhongwang) are circumventing the antidumping duty (AD) and countervailing duty (CVD) orders on aluminum extrusions from the People's Republic of China. (A-570-967/C-570-968)
 
針對鋁型材的反規避調查:美國商務部正在啟動一項反規避調查。該調查旨在確定由中國忠旺控股有限公司及其關聯公司(統稱“忠旺”)出口的鋁型材產品,是否存在規避針對產自中華人民共和國的鋁型材產品的反傾銷、反補貼令的情況。(相關案件編號:A-570-967/C-570-968)
 
 

Status Updates:

案件最新情況:

 
Cold-Rolled Steel Flat Products: The ITC has announced the scheduling of the final phase of CVD and AD duty investigations on certain cold-rolled steel flat products from China, the first hearing for which will be held on 5/24/16, with requests to appear due by 5/18/16. The DOC had previously preliminarily determined that the products in question are being, or are likely to be, sold at less than fair value in the U.S. (701-TA-540-544 and 731-TA-1283-1287, 1289-1290)
冷軋扁鋼制品:美國國際貿易委員會已發布了針對中國產冷軋扁鋼制品反補貼、反傾銷稅調查最后階段的時間表。首次聽證會將于2016年5月24日召開。參加聽證的請求提交時間截止于2016年5月18日。美國商務部早前已初步裁定相關產品正在或將會以低于正常價值的價格在美國銷售。(相關案件編號:701-TA-540-544、731-TA-1283-1287,1289-1290)
 
Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip: The ITC has determined that there is reasonable indication of material injury for U.S. industry by imports of stainless steel sheet and strip from China due to the imports allegedly being sold at less than fair value and being subsidized by the Chinese government. Final determination by the DOC are forthcoming (701-TA-557 and 731-TA-1312)
不銹鋼板材和帶材案:美國國際貿易委員會裁定:已有合理跡象顯示,美國相關產業已受到自中國進口的不銹鋼板材和帶材的實質性損害。相關進口的不銹鋼板材和帶材被指控以低于正常價值的價格銷售并受到了中國政府的補貼。美國商務部的最終裁定也將很快做出。(相關案件編號:701-TA-557和731-TA-1312)
 
New Phase on 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethan (R-134a): ITC has announced the institution of the less than fair value investigation, the latest phase in its antidumping duty (AD) investigation of 1,1,1,2- Tetrafluoroethan (R-134a) from China. A preliminary determination will be reached by 4/18/16. (731-TA-1313)
1,1,1,2-四氟乙烷 (R-134a)案的新階段:美國國際貿易委員會宣布,已啟動針對來自中國的1,1,1,2-四氟乙烷(R-134a)的反傾銷調查最新階段,即該產品是否以低于正常價值的價格在美國銷售之調查。初裁將于2016年4月18日做出。(相關案件編號:731-TA-1313)
 
Truck and Bus Tires: The ITC has announced the postponement of preliminary determinations in the CVD investigation of truck and bus tires from China after the petitioner submitted a timely request for extension due to the number and nature of subsidy programs under investigation. (701-TA-556 and 731-TA-1311)
卡車和公共汽車輪胎:美國國際貿易委員會宣布將延期對來自中國的卡車和公共汽車輪胎進行的反補貼調查作出初裁。該延期系根據申訴方在規定期限內所遞交的延期申請作出,申訴方基于被調查補貼項目的數量及性質而提出延期申請。(相關案件編號:701-TA-556和731-TA-1311)
 

Results:

調查結果:

 
No 337 Violations Found in Brewing Capsules Case: The ITC has announced the termination of investigation 337-TA-929 regarding certain beverage brewing capsules, components thereof, and products containing the same. The complaint alleged violation of Section 337 by the importation into the United States, the sale for importation, and the sale within the United States after importation of certain beverage brewing capsules, components thereof, and products containing the same that infringe.
飲料沖泡容器案未發現違反337規定的情形:美國國際貿易委員會宣布,終止對部分飲料沖泡容器及其同類產品的337調查(案件編號:337-TA-929)。申訴方指控進口美國、為進口而進行的銷售以及美國國內市場銷售的部分飲料沖泡容器及其同類產品侵犯了其專利權,違反337條款。
 
 

Reviews

行政復審調查

 

Opportunity to Request:

復審申請:

 
Beginning 4/1/2016 and ending 4/30/26 the following investigations involving AD/CVD orders on Chinese products will be eligible for administrative review:
2016年4月1日至2016年4月30日間,針對以下中國產品實施的反傾銷或反補貼措施可以進行行政復審調查申請:
 

(AD)

反傾銷

·         Activated Carbon, A-570-904
活性炭,A-570-904
·         Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks, A-570-983
不銹鋼水槽,A-570-983
·         Magnesium Metal, A-570-896
金屬鎂,A-570-896
·         Non-Malleable Cast Iron Pipe Fittings, A-570-875
非可鍛性鑄鐵管件,A-570-875
·         Steel Threaded Rod, A-570-932
鋼制螺桿,A-570-932
 

(CVD)

反補貼

·         Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks, C-570-984
不銹鋼水槽,C-570-984
 
In addition, the following administrative reviews involving products from China with January 2015 request deadlines were requested and subsequently initiated:
此外,對以下來自中國的產品所進行的行政復審調查已經正式立案:
 

(AD)

反傾銷

·         Fresh Garlic, A-570-831
新鮮大蒜,A-570-831
·         Multilayered Wood Flooring, A-570-970
多層木地板,A-570-970
·         Potassium Permanganate, A-570-001
高錳酸鉀,A-570-001
·         Wooden Bedroom Furniture, A-570-890
木質臥室家具,A-570-890
 

(CVD)

反補貼

·         Calcium Hypochlorite, C-570-009
次氯酸鈣,C-570-009
 

Results:

調查結果:

 
Freshwater Crawfish Tail Meat: The DOC announced the recession of their administrative review of the AD order on freshwater crawfish tail meat from China (A-570-848) due to the petitioners withdrawing their requests.
淡水小龍蝦尾肉:美國商務部宣布,由于申訴方撤回其申請,因此撤銷對來自中國的淡水小龍蝦尾肉反傾銷令的行政復審。(相關案件編號:A-570-848)
 
Amended Final Results on Aluminum Extrusions: The DOC has published an amendment to final results from its administrative review of CVD duties concluded in December. The amendment corrects the net subsidy rates for the JANGHO Companies, non-selected cooperative respondents, and companies for which they applied total adverse facts available in the final results. (C-570-068)
關于鋁型材產品案最終結果的修訂:針對結束于去年12月份的相應反補貼行政復審最終結果,美國商務部進行了修訂。該次修訂修正了JANGUO Companies、未被抽中的合作應訴方、以及在最終結果中適用了全部可獲得的不利事實的企業的凈補貼幅度。(相關案件編號:C-570-068)
 
 

Sunset and Five-Year Reviews

日落復審調查

 

Commencing:

開始復審的案件:

 
Aluminum Extrusions: The ITC is initiating a five-year review on certain aluminum extrusion from China (701-TA-475 and 731-TA-1177). Interested parties must submit a response before 5/2/16.
鋁型材:美國國際貿易委員會正開始啟動針對源自中國的鋁型材的日落復審。(案件編號:701-TA-475 and 731-TA-1177)利益各方必須于2016年5月2日前提交答復。
 
Petroleum Wax Candles: The ITC have notice of the scheduling of an expedited five-year review on the AD order on petroleum wax candles from China, the fourth such review (731-TA-282). Interested parties have until 4/6/16 to submit comments.
石油蠟蠟燭:針對源自中國的石油蠟蠟燭的反傾銷令的快速日落復審,美國國際貿易委員會已發布了相應的時間表。該次復審系第四次日落復審(案件編號:731-TA-282)。利益各方須于2016年4月6日前提交相應評論意見。
 

Results:

調查結果:

 
The following five-year/sunset reviews resulted in the continuation of AD/CVD duties (may overlap with administrative reviews):
以下日落復審調查的結果為繼續征收反傾銷或反補貼稅:
·         Potassium Permanganate, A-570-001
高錳酸鉀,A-570-001
·         Petroleum Wax Candles, A-570-504
石油蠟蠟燭,A-570-504
 
 
 

Other News of Note:

其他新聞:

 
The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, in conjunction with U.S. commodity groups, has begun to scrutinize domestic agriculture subsidies provided by countries such as China and India, while also exploring options for remedial action through the WTO. USTR Chief Agricultural Negotiator Darci Vetter was quoted by Inside US Trade as expressing particular dissatisfaction with the amount of wheat and rice subsidies being provided to producers in the two aforementioned countries, and saying specifically that the U.S. is “willing to use all the tools at our disposal” to counteract these subsidies. Domestic producers have been exerting pressure on the Obama administration to pursue remedial measure through the WTO or raise the issue during bilateral negotiations.
美國貿易代表辦公室,連同美國消費品組織,已經開始了針對中國和印度的國內農業補貼的調查。同時,他們也在考慮通過WTO進行救濟。Inside US Trade引用美國貿易代表辦公室首席農業談判代表Darci Vetter的發言表達了對中、印兩國小麥和大米補貼數量的不滿,并特別稱:美國“將非常樂意使用一切手段”反制上述補貼。美國國內生產者也已向奧巴馬政府施壓,要求通過WTO采取救濟措施或在雙邊談判中提出該議題。
 
A growing number of companies in the U.S. steel industry are calling for imposition of a Section 201, which would impose temporary tariffs and is seen domestically as a dramatic measure that would require significant government and industry resources to implement. This comes in the lead-up to an April 12th hearing concerning the difficulties facing the U.S. steel industry. More details can be found in the American Metal Market article attached to this briefing.
越來越多的美國鋼鐵企業要求啟用涉及征收臨時關稅的201條款。該條款在美國國內被視為需要大量政府及行業資源以實施的重大措施。有關議題也將在4月12日召開的關于美國鋼鐵行業所面臨之困難的聽證會中提出。更多內容請參閱附于此簡報的美國金屬市場(American Metal Market)的文章
 
The U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission held an open public hearing on 3/31/16. The topic of the hearing was “China and the U.S. Rebalance to Asia.” Per the Commission’s notice in the Federal Register:
美中經濟與安全審查委員會于2016年3月31日召開一次公開聽證會。該聽證會的主題是“中國和美國亞洲再平衡”。根據美中經濟與安全審查委員會在聯邦公報的公告:
 
This is the fourth public hearing the Commission will hold during its 2016 report cycle to collect input from academic, industry, and government experts on national security implications of the U.S. bilateral trade and economic relationship with China. This hearing will examine the origins, implementation, and impacts of the U.S. “Rebalance to Asia” strategy, now in its fourth year. It will assess the reactions of China and other regional countries to the Rebalance, and evaluate areas of strength and weakness. The hearing will also explore what objectives and policies will best serve U.S. regional interests moving into a new Administration. The hearing will be co-chaired by Vice Chairman Carolyn Bartholomew and Senator James Talent. Any interested party may file a written statement by March 31, 2016, by mailing to the contact below. A portion of each panel will include a question and answer period between the Commissioners and the witnesses.
此次聽證會系美中經濟與安全審查委員會在其2016報告年度內所舉行的第四次公開聽證。目的是就美、中雙邊經貿關系對國家安全的影響,從學術界、產業界及政府方面的專家們手中取得相關意見。此次聽證會將檢視已實施四年的美國“亞洲再平衡”戰略的起源、實施及影響。聽證會將評估中國及區域內其他國家對該政策的反應,以及該政策的優勢、劣勢。聽證會也將探討在政府過渡時期可以為美國在該地區的利益提供最好服務的目標以及政策。此次聽證會將由委員會副主席Carolyn Bartholomew以及參議員James Talent共同主持。任何利益相關方可于2016年3月31日前,通過向下述聯系人寄送郵件的形式,提交一份書面陳述。每個專家組的每個部分都將包含一個委員會成員與證人之間的問答時間。

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